Microfluidics technology helps to miniaturize laboratory processes into a single chip
Microfluidics has given birth to several Lab on a Chip devices that make lab processes smaller, faster, and cheaper.
Scientific research has been carried out around laboratory research and experiments, involving many people, equipment and resources. Although technological progress has reduced the space, labor and materials needed for testing, no technology has the same influence and prospect as microfluidic technology.
Microfluidics: The Basics
Chips that use microfluidic can be as small as 1 centimeter, helping researchers quickly perform multiple tests without the need for traditional laboratory procedures.
Microflipulous-based ODM-based chips have microchannels and are molded to be very thin. Fluids can be delivered through these channels and connected to diagnostic devices through sockets and inlet ports. On request, the diameter of the channels varies from 5 to 500 m. The latest structures built on microflluals now provide submicrome accuracy.
There are several applications of microfluidics, each of which requires a different structure and network of channels designed for a specific purpose.
Miniaturization In History
Before the invention of microfluidic technology, researchers have been involved in miniaturization technology for many years, especially microelectronics technology. The main pursuit is to reduce the size of equipment to achieve a more energy-efficient, faster and cheaper system.
Microelectromechanical systems (mems) , a term invented in the late 1960s, laid the groundwork for microelectromechanical systems. Mems involves reducing the volume of mechanical systems and using silicon semiconductors to develop micromachining techniques. It was then discovered that silicon chips could also be used to process light, motion and, most importantly, chemicals.
The inkjet print head is the first to demonstrate the realization of this technology, using thermal effect or piezoelectric effect to produce micron-sized droplets. Decades later, the system for chemical analysis has been miniaturized.
Later, more academic research attempts, the emergence of new alternatives to replace silicon processing.
But Why Microfluidics?
Currently, microflluces are the most advanced microscale technology for chemical and physical properties using gases and liquids. Traditional systems do not match microfllucent-based devices for several reasons.
First, analysis in a MICROFLUIDIC chip requires a small number of test samples. Fewer reagents and chemicals are required, greatly reducing costs. In addition, because of the small size of the chip, the MICROFLUIDIC technology can carry out multiple tests at the same time, thus speeding up the speed of turning loss into profit.
The data quality provided by the chip is very good, and several parameters can be substantially controlled. This also opens the door to automation. In addition, users can generate multi-step reactions without high professional level.
Tech Of The Future
DNA analysis, microfluidics droplets, cell culture, lab on a chip, organ on a chip, and so on are just some of the applications of microfluidics. The latest technology enables manufacturers to produce liquid crystal display from a wide range of raw materials that can be used to create custom chips for any suitable application.
New designs are being developed using microfluidics to interact with environments like the open space. Biologists have also applauded Drop-seq technology that has been developed based on microfluidics and helps analyze thousands of different RNA cells at once.
Because of its extremely reliable structure and low cost, more and more manufacturers are trying to commercialize microfluidic.
Of course, microfluidic technology is still quite new and is still in the experimental stage.