How to prevent nutritional and metabolic disorders and care for nutritional and metabolic disorders
How to prevent nutritional metabolism disorders:Prevention:Carrying out health education and advocating reasonable nutrition is the fundamental measure to preve...
How to prevent nutritional metabolism disorders:
Carrying out health education and advocating reasonable nutrition is the fundamental measure to prevent primary nutritional deficiencies. The so-called reasonable nutrition not only requires a reasonable food configuration to meet the needs of various nutrients and heat energy under different physiological conditions, but also requires a reasonable diet system and cooking methods, which are conducive to the digestion, absorption and utilization of various nutrients. Digestion, absorption and utilization of various nutrients. Due to the variety of nutrients required by the human body, no one food in nature can provide all the nutrients the human body needs. Therefore, in order to provide reasonable nutrition for the people, on the one hand, the competent authorities are required to produce and supply main and non-staple foods in a reasonable and diversified manner; on the other hand, through publicity and education, establish a regular, qualitative and quantitative diet system to correct overeating, Bad habits such as partial food, misuse of nutritious food or fortified food.
In order to prevent the occurrence of nutritional deficiencies, local health authorities and medical and health systems should establish a population nutritional status monitoring system. According to the recommendations of the WHO Nutrition Monitoring Workshop, indicators for monitoring nutritional status include population health status survey indicators, socio-economic and agricultural data analysis indicators, and social nutritional status evaluation indicators. Nutrition-related health status indicators include newborn weight, age Group weight, weight of different height groups, weight of preschool children, mortality of each age group, breastfeeding, artificial feeding, special nutritional deficiencies, etc. Therefore, according to the feedback provided by the nutrition monitoring system, health authorities at all levels should inform the people in a timely manner, and work with the production and supply departments of staple and non-staple foods and the health care department to formulate macro-measures related to nutrition rationalization.
In local areas where nutrition deficiency is endemic, in addition to publicity and education, group prevention and control measures should be taken, such as local goiter endemic areas, consumption of iodized salt (5-10 grams of potassium iodide per ton of salt) to effectively control the prevalence of local goiters For example, the production of 92 meters and 8 noodles in 1950 not only improved the yield of raw grains, but also significantly increased the content of vitamins and inorganic salts compared with refined white rice and refined white noodles, effectively preventing beriberi.
In order to meet the nutritional needs of operators in special production environments or exposed to toxic substances, relevant departments should provide healthy diets according to the type of work and public canteens. At present, many units should not take the "nutrition fee" method.
In order to prevent the occurrence of secondary nutritional deficiencies, in addition to actively treating nutritional deficiencies, nutrition guidance and patient diet management should also be done. Affect the absorption and utilization of nutrients, therefore, in the selection of therapeutic drugs, the supply of some nutrients should also be added.
Common nursing methods for nutritional and metabolic disease examples:
Pay attention to rest, combine work and rest, live an orderly, optimistic, positive, and upward life attitude, so that tea and meals are regular, life is regular, not overworked, happy, and develop good living habits. Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol.